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IN TI MATE (VIOLENCE) hung over A Mirror of DREAD
Latex paint on 100% cotton, Small, authentic prison jumpsuit made by PRIDE Enterprises USA

How Society Gaslights Survivors of Narcissists, Sociopaths, and Psychopaths
"There is a class of individuals who have been around forever and who are found in every race, culture, society and walk of life. Everybody has met these people, been deceived and manipulated by them, and forced to live with or repair the damage they have wrought. These often charming but always deadly individuals have a clinical name: psychopaths. Their hallmark is a stunning lack of conscience; their game is self-gratification at the other person’s expense. Many spend time in prison, but many do not. All take far more than they give.” – Dr. Robert Hare, The Charming Psychopath"

Victims Must Not Be Lost in Domestic Violence and Policing Debates
"Not all victims are alike. One in four women in this country have experienced victimization by an intimate partner. Clearly, every fourth woman in this country is not alike: in privilege, in preference, in personality. Not even all victims within any racial or ethnic group are identical.

Fully knowing the legal system often doesn’t do justice and its pace is consistently out-of-step with the pace of trauma recovery, some will choose a long and hard fight, employing the police and the courts.

The notion that this is a choice only by “rich, white women” is false. It makes invisible the immigrant woman who tells me that she didn’t flee one lawless country to settle for no semblance of justice in this one. It dismisses the woman who is convinced that only the threat of greater violence will curb her partner’s threat. It ignores the many women who have none of the “community,” often promised as the alternative to policing."

Stop Treating Domestic Violence Differently From Other Crimes
"The implication is obvious: Crimes of violence, and particularly domestic violence, should be exempt from criminal justice reform — and may even merit harsher treatment than they’re currently subject to."

Don’t Use Domestic Violence Victims To Derail Police Reform
"As activists demonstrate across the country to protest racism and police brutality, the call to “defund the police” has crystallized into a rallying cry. Instead of injecting more money into police department budgets, the argument goes, divert funds to community programs that directly support those individuals who most often end up in crisis situations with police: homeless people, people with mental illnesses, and those with substance use disorders.

It’s a compelling idea, backed by researchers, criminal justice reformists, and a small cohort of progressive lawmakers. Critics of this approach, however, derail the conversation using a time-honored method: pointing to female victims of violent crime. Who, they ask, will protect women against domestic abuse and sexual violence, if not the police? The implication is clear: If you don’t support police, you must not care about women’s lives."

What Works to Reduce Recidivism by Domestic Violence Offenders?
"There may be other reasons for courts to order offenders to participate in these Duluthlike programs, but the evidence to date suggests that DV recidivism will not decrease as a result."

Reducing Rates of Re-offending: What works and what doesn't
"Summary conclusions: “Based on six rigorous outcome evaluations of group-based DV treatment for male offenders, we conclude that the Duluth model, the most common treatment approach, appears to have no effect on recidivism. This updated finding is consistent with our (and others’) previous work on this topic. There may be other reasons for courts to order offenders to participate in these Duluth-like programs, but the evidence suggests that DV recidivism will not decrease as a result” (pg. 12)

Impact on recidivism for “Duluth-like” programs: “We also considered programs to be similar to Duluth if the study authors said the curriculum included “power and control” dynamics, “sex role stereotyping,” or gender-based values. Six of the 11 effect sizes assessed Duluth-like programs. We analyzed separately the results of these six effect sizes and found that, on average, programs using Duluth-like models had no effect on recidivism (see the upper panel in Exhibit 3); therefore, this approach cannot be considered “evidence-based” (or research-based or promising)” (pg. 6)"

More attention needs to be applied to mental and behavioral disorders: Narcissistic Personality Disorder, sociopathy, psychopathy and others when considering recidivism. Most often there is no cure and no funding for these types of rehabilitation and the perpetrators are unwilling even when court ordered. So we are forced to live among them, the violent and disruptive, and their destruction and utilize a court system that is handicapped by unjust laws.

Knowledge is Power